Antioxidants, Anticancer, energy boosting dynamos.
Largest and most studied category of Phytochemicals, accounting for an estimated 6,000 of the tens of thousands of known phytochemicals.
Flavonoids subcategories include:
- Anthocyanidins: berries, grapes, wine
- Catechins: tea, cocoa, grape, apples
- Flavanols/Quercetin: onion and kale
- Eriodyctiol: citrus and fruits
- Isoflavones: soybeans and legumes
Flavonoids have broad-reaching effects on the body, including anti-allergic, antimicrobial and even estrogen modulating.
- They are scavengers of cell-damaging free radicals; plus, they contain lesser-known compounds that act at the genetic level.
- They are major reasons why epigenetics – the study of how nutrition impacts gene expression – is on the rise.
- Two of the most widely studied Flavonoids that impact Metabolism are EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate), found in green tea, and Curcumin from Turmeric.
- Luteolin: Parsley and Celery
- Helps reduce inflammation
- EGCG: Green Tea
- Helps regulate gene expression of adipose (fat) tissue and boost the activity of a key coactivator (PGC-1a) that oxidizes fatty acids
- Anthocyanin: Blueberries, and other red, blue and purple berries; red radishes, and purple carrots
- Helps halt natural cell death by preventing oxidation and promoting detoxifying enzymes research shows.
- Activate a gene (NRF2) that turns on an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory response
- Curcumin: Turmeric
- Helps fight infections, cancer, stomach ulcers and inflammation